When to go

The whole year is good for birding, but spring and autumn stand out for their migration peaks. Spring, especially, has the advantage of featuring the arrival of summer residents and the presence of late wintering birds. Migration is more notable in spring than in autumn. Song gives an extra dimension to this time of the year and recognising birds by song is easier. The entire inland area is green and fresh, although sometimes it can rain for weeks without dry breaks.

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Beware of the sun, always wear a hat to avoid sunburn or worse.
Temperatures can get very hot, especially inland. Over 40 degrees is common in summer.


Andalucia has a Mediterranean climate, which means dry summers and mild winters. The average annual temperature is 18 degrees on the coast and 16 in mountain areas. Among the disadvantages of summer are high temperatures and the hordes of tourists who visit Spain, although this mainly affects the coast. But donĄt worry: you can always find tourist-free areas, and, luckily enough, these generally are the more interesting sites, with plenty to view.

Beware of the sun; always wear a hat to avoid sunburn or worse. Temperatures can get very hot, especially inland. Over 40 degrees is common in summer, so birding is best done early in the morning or late in the evening. Sun haze also has to be taken into consideration as it makes bird-watching in steppe areas difficult - and even worse when you are using a telescope, a useful aid in the more expansive areas. Lakes might be dry during the summer season and after a few dry years even disappear. One advantage, however, is the daylight hours in summer. The past two years have been significantly wet after several extremely dry years, so bird-watching in Spain is very attractive right now.

Winter's own attractions include wintering Waterfowl in wetlands. Many Warblers from the north travel to the south of Europe to winter, including Tjif-Tjaf and Blackcaps. Resident Raptors are joined by wintering species such as Merlins and sometimes Ospreys, while Hen Harriers are abundant in certain areas. Extremadura, bordering Andalucia, is visited by thousands of Cranes that forage on acorns from stone acorns.

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Iris flowering in January in the mountains